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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2014 August;55(4):491-6

Copyright © 2014 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Current endovascular management of acute type B aortic dissection. Whom should we treat and when?

Patterson B., De Bruin J. L., Brownrigg J. R., Holt P. J., Loftus I. M., Thompson M. M., Hinchliffe R. J.

St George’s Vascular Institute, London, UK


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Aortic dissection is the most common of the acute aortic syndromes, once initiated, intimal disruption can propagate in an anterograde or retrograde fashion, and the resulting false lumen may compress the ostia of aortic branches or cause aortic expansion and eventual rupture. Acute complicated type B dissection most often requires immediate interventional treatment, whereas uncomplicated dissection has classically been managed with medical therapy alone. The first line management of complicated acute and aneurysmal chronic type B dissections has shifted toward minimally invasive endovascular treatment. To give an overview of the contemporary management of acute type B dissection, clinical manifestations, aims of management, and therapeutic options are discussed in the context deciding which patients require intervention and when.

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