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  ADVANCES IN CAROTID ARTERY STENTING 

The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2013 February;54(1):83-91

Copyright © 2013 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Late cerebral embolization after emboli-protected carotid artery stenting

Nikas D. N. 1, Sacca S. 2, Penzo C. 2, Pacchioni A. 2, Torsello G. 3, Reimers B. 2

1 Cardiology Department, Ioannina University Hospital, Ioannina Medical School, Ioannina, Greece; 2 Cardiology Department, Mirano Public Hospital, Mirano, Venice, Italy; 3 Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Muenster University, Muenster, Germany


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Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is nowadays considered as alternative therapeutic option to carotid endarterectomy for patients suffering from carotid artery disease. Recent studies and meta-analyses have demonstrated equal performance of carotid stenting to endarterectomy as regard as the overall adverse events (death/stroke rates), especially when periprocedural myocardial infarction and nerve pulses are also included. However, carotid stenting was inferior to endarterectomy when compared in terms of acute and late embolic events. In the present review, we collect all studies available in the published literature regarding the late embolic events. We mainly attempted to gather data regarding the silent embolic events occurring after the acute post-procedural period. We analyzed the results and reported the incidence of the problem. Finally, we aimed to identify possible causes and propose effective solutions to reduce the incidence of late embolic events.

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