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REVIEWS  DIABETIC LIMB SALVAGE 

The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2012 February;53(1):31-7

Copyright © 2012 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Endovascular procedures and new insights in diabetic limb salvage

Peeters P. 1, Verbist J. 1, Keirse K. 1, Callaert J. 2, Deloose K. 2, Bosiers M. 2

1 Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Imelda Hospital, Bonheiden, Belgium; 2 Department of Vascular Surgery, A.Z. Sint-Blasius, Dendermonde, Belgium


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Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is affecting an increasing number of patients, mainly due to an ageing population and the growing number of diabetics. Clinically, CLI is characterized by rest pain, non-healing foot wounds and gangrene, due to insufficient arterial blood supply. Limb preservation should be the goal in patients with diabetic foot due to tibial occlusive disease. As surgery is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality rates, endovascular therapy can offer a valuable alternative. Small-diameter below-the-knee arteries that were previously unamenable to surgical methods, can now be reached and treated. Currently, many endovascular techniques are available, from regular PTA and bare metal stents to drug-coated balloons and drug-eluting stents. In our opinion the results of endovascular therapy for below-the-knee vessels will be further improved by the continuous technical evolution and new material developments. In the light of the current evolution towards minimally invasive techniques, an increasing number of experienced centers will be able to treat the vast majority of all below-the-knee arterial pathology by endovascular means.

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