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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2007 June;48(3):309-14


language: English

Clinical outcome after re-occlusion of initially successful remote endarterectomy of the superficial femoral artery

Smeets L. 1, Huijbregts H. J. T. A. M. 2, Ho G. H. 3, De Vries J. P. P. M. 4, Moll F. L. 2

1 Department of Vascular Surgery Twenteborg Hospital, Almelo, The Netherlands 2 Department of Vascular Surgery University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands 3 Department of Vascular Surgery Amphia Hospital, Breda, The Netherlands 4 Department of Vascular Surgery St. Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands


Aim. The clinical consequences of re-occlusion after initially successful arterial revascularization procedures might be as important as patency when it comes to procedure selection. This study evaluates the clinical consequences of re-occlusion after initially successful remote superficial femoral artery endarterectomy (RSFAE), in particular the recurrence and severity of symptoms and the need for re-intervention or amputation.
Methods. A total of 239 successful RSFAEs were performed with a mean endarterectomized segment of 30 cm (10 to 45 cm) between March 1994 and December 2003 in 214 patients (144 males, 163 procedures) with a median age of 63 years (39 to 89 years). Indications for operation were Rutherford category 3 in 174 procedures (73%), Rutherford category 4 in 27 procedures (11%), and Rutherford category 5 in 38 procedures (16%). The incidence and time interval of re-occlusion with the presenting symptoms were recorded as well as the therapeutic consequences.
Results. A total of 79 (33%) re-occlusions occurred (40 males, 41 procedures; 34 females, 38 procedures). Eighty percent of patients still had improved or unchanged symptoms following re-occlusion compared to the initial indication for operation, 18% had become worse and 2% were unknown. The mean time between RSFAE and re-occlusion was 17 months (1 day to 88 months). A total of 36 re-interventions were performed: 7 percutaneous recanalisations (one followed by thrombolysis), 5 percutaneous thrombolyses, 1 thrombectomy, 21 venous and 2 prosthetic femoropopliteal bypasses. A further three venous bypasses were planned. Five (14%) of these re-interventions were acute with an overall median time interval between re-occlusion and re-intervention of 41 days (0 to 68 months). Two below-knee amputations were performed: one the same day of re-occlusion, 44 months after RSFAE and one 11 days after re-occlusion, 30 days after RSFAE.
Conclusion. The clinical consequences of re-occlusion after remote endarterectomy for long occlusive disease of the superfricial femoral artery, from a mixed patient population with 27% ischemic rest pain and gangrene, were mild with 31 elective and only five acute re-interventions and two below-knee amputations.

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