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ORIGINAL ARTICLE   

Otorhinolaryngology 2022 June;72(2):71-8

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6302.22.02411-2

Copyright © 2022 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The impact of migraine on central auditory processing and cognitive functions

Maha H. ABOU-ELEW, Mona H. SELIM, Amira M. ALSHENNAWY, Aliaa A. MOUSTAFA, Dina F. ABDEL-LATIEF

Department of Audio-Vestibular Medicine, Kasr Al-Ainy Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt



BACKGROUND: Migraine patients appear to process auditory information differently. Functional alterations and cognitive impairment have been found abundantly in migrainous. The aim of this study is to assess auditory cognitive function and central auditory functions in adult migraine patients.
METHODS: Sixty adult individuals with migraine participated as the migraine group with sixty age and gender matched non-migrainous individuals as the control group. All subjects were submitted to full history taking, basic audiological evaluation, behavioral central auditory processing (CAP) tests (Speech in Noise Test, Auditory Fusion Test and Auditory memory Tests), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), symbol digits modality test (SDMT).
RESULTS: The migraine patients group had decreased speech discrimination in noise, poorer temporal processing and auditory memory when compared to their non migrainous peers. No correlations were observed between CAP scores and migraine attacks severity or frequency.
CONCLUSIONS: Most of migraine patients have poor temporal processing skills and poor auditory memory. Findings of the present study revealed the deteriorating effect of migraine on the CAP ability.


KEY WORDS: Migraine disorders; Memory and learning tests; Central auditory disease; Cognition

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