Home > Journals > Italian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology > Past Issues > Articles online first > Italian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology 2022 Jan 10



To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian


Publication history
Cite this article as



Italian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology 2022 Jan 10

DOI: 10.23736/S2784-8671.21.07172-3


language: English

Expert consensus on ceramides containing skincare in newborns and infants and potential mitigation of atopic dermatitis

Lawrence A. SCHACHNER 1, Ulrike BLUME-PEYTAVI 2, Anneke ANDRIESSEN 3 , Jan IZAKOVIC 4, 5, 6, Annabel MARUANI 7, Giuseppe MICALI 8, Nikolay MURASHKIN 9, Carmen SALAVASTRU 10, Antonio TORRELO 11

1 Dermatology and Pediatrics, Pediatric Dermatology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA; 2 Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Clinical Research Center of Hair and Skin Science, Charité-Universitaetsmedizin, Berlin, Germany; 3 Radboud Academy, Radboud UMC, Nijmegen and Andriessen Consultants, Malden, The Netherlands; 4 Department of Dermatology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA; 5 Department of Pediatric Dermatology, Basel University Children's Hospital (UKBB), Basel, Switzerland; 6 Dermatology Private Practice, Basel, Switzerland; 7 Unit of Pediatric Dermatology, Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Center of Tours, Tours, France; 8 Dermatology Clinic, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; 9 Research Institute of Pediatrics and Children's Health in Central Clinical Hospital of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation; 10 Pediatric Dermatology Department, Colentina Clinical Hospital, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania; 11 Department of Dermatology, Hospital Infantil Universitario Niño Jesús, Madrid, Spain


INTRODUCTION: The vulnerable skin of neonates and infants is still developing anatomically and functionally and more susceptible to skin barrier disruption. The current consensus paper explores challenges in caring for neonates and infants' skin, skincare use and evaluates the role of ceramides (CERs) containing cleansers and moisturizers.
EVIDENCE AQUISITION: A panel of eight clinicians who treat neonates and infants developed a consensus paper on new-born and infant skin barrier integrity and CERs-containing skincare importance. The consensus process consisted of a modified Delphi technique. The selected information from the literature searches, coupled with the panel's opinion and experience, was used to adopt statements to provide clinical data for paediatric dermatologists, dermatologists, and paediatric healthcare providers who treat neonates and infants.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Increasingly, evidence supports skincare starting early in life, recognizing the benefits of ongoing daily use of non-alkaline cleansers and moisturizers to maintain skin barrier function. Skincare for neonates and infants should be safe, effective, and fragrance as well as sensitizing agent-free. Skincare with CERs may benefit the stratum corneum's lipid and water content.
CONCLUSIONS: When applied from birth onwards, gentle cleansers and moisturizers containing barrier lipids help maintain the protective skin barrier and soothe the skin with long-term moisturizing benefits.

KEY WORDS: Neonates; Infants; Skin maturation; Skincare; Ceramides in skincare

top of page