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Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport

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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 May 09

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07284-X


lingua: Inglese

A randomized trial of the effects of an aquatic exercise program on depression, anxiety levels, and functional capacity in of people who suffered an ischemic stroke

Felipe J. AIDAR 1, 2, 3, 4, Ricardo, JACÓ de OLIVEIRA 5, Dihogo, GAMA de MATOS 4, 6, Philip D. CHILIBECK 7, Raphael F., de SOUZA 1, 4, André L. CARNEIRO 6, 9, Victor MACHADO REIS 6, 8

1 Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil; 2 Brazilian Paralympic Academy, Brazilian Paralympic Committee, Brasilia, Brazil; 3 Department of Graduation Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil; 4 Deparment of Studies and Research of Performance, Sport, Health and Paralympic Sports - GEPEPS, the Federal University of Sergipe - UFS, São Cristovão, Sergipe, Brazil; 5 University of Brasília-Unb, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil; 6 Department of Sports Science, Exercise and Health of the Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro University, Vila Real, Portugal; 7 College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada; 8 Sport Research Centre, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTAD, Vila Real – Portugal; 9 State University at Montes Claros (UNIMONTES), Montes Claros – Minas Gerais, Brazil


BACKGROUND: Aquatic exercise programs are used in rehabilitation and might help to reduce disability after stroke.
OBJECTIVE: This was a randomized intervention trial to assess the influence of an aquatic exercise program on people suffering from depression and anxiety after ischemic stroke. METHODS: Participants were randomized to an experimental group (EG) composed of 19 individuals (51.8 ± 8.5 years; ten males and nine females), and a control group (CG) composed of 17 people (52.7 ± 6.7 years; nine males and eight females). The aquatic exercise program consisted of two sessions per week, each lasting between 45 and 60 minutes and divided into 5 to 10 minutes exercise sections during 12 weeks. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used to determine anxiety levels while the Beck Depression Inventory was used as a self-assessment of depression.
RESULTS: EG improved measures of depression, anxiety trait and anxiety state between pre- and post-treatment, with no changes in CG. EG improved in all tests related to functional capacity compared to CG.
CONCLUSION: The practice of aquatic exercises promotes improvements in the levels of depression and anxiety in people who suffered an ischemic stroke.

KEY WORDS: Stroke - Physical exercise - Rehabilitation

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