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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 Mar 01
Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA
Validation of three short physical activity questionnaires with accelerometers among university students in Spain
Sheila RODRÍGUEZ-MUÑOZ ✉, Cristina CORELLA, Alberto ABARCA-SOS, Javier ZARAGOZA
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Zaragoza, Teruel, Spain
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) in university students has not been analyzed with specific questionnaires tailored to this population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyse the validity of three PA questionnaires developed on other populations comparing with accelerometer values: counts and moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) calculated with uniaxial and triaxial cut points.
METHODS: 145 (92 women) university students from Spain wore an accelerometer GT3X or GTX+ to collect PA data of 7 full days. Three questionnaires, Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adults (PAQ-AD), Assessment of Physical Activity Questionnaire (APALQ), and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ-SF) were administrated jointly with the collection of accelerometer values. Finally, after the application of inclusion criteria, data from 95 participants (62 women) with a mean age of 21.96 (SD = 2.33) years old were analysed to compare the instruments measures.
RESULTS: The correlational analysis showed that PAQ-AD (.44 - .56) and IPAQ-SF (.26 - .69) questionnaires were significantly related to accelerometers scores: counts, uniaxial MVPA and triaxial MVPA. Conversely, APALQ displayed no significant relations for males with accelerometers scores for MVPA created with both cut points.
CONCLUSIONS: PAQ-AD and IPAQ–SF questionnaires have shown adequate validity to use with Spanish university students. The use of counts to validate self-report data in order to reduce the variability display by MVPA created with different cut points is discussed. Finally, validated instruments to measure PA in university students will allow implementation of strategies for PA promotion based on reliable data.
KEY WORDS: Physical activity – Validation – Questionnaires – Accelerometers - University students