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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Nov 16


lingua: Inglese

Effects of in-season short-term aerobic and high-intensity interval training program on repeated sprint ability and jump performance in handball players

Souhail HERMASSI 1, Jørgen INGEBRIGTSEN 2, René SCHWESIG 3, Georg FIESELER 4, Karl S. DELANK 3, Karim CHAMARI 5, Roy J. SHEPHARD 6, Mohamed S. CHELLY 1

1 Research Unit, Sport Performance & Health, Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education, KsarSaîd, University of ”La Manouba“, Tunis, Tunisia; 2 Department of Sports, Centre for Practical Knowledge, University of Nordland, Bodø, Norway; 3 Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Martin Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg, Germany; 4 Division for Shoulder Surgery and Sports Medicine, Helios Clinic, Warburg, Germany; 5 Research and Education Centre, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine, Doha, Qatar; 6 Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada


BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of a 7-week in-season aerobic and high-intensity interval-training program on performance tests linked to successful handball play (e.g., repeated sprint and jumping ability).
METHODS: Thirty participants (age 17.0 ± 1.2 years, body mass 81.1 ± 3.4 kg, height 1.82± 0.07 m) performed a Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1), a squat (SJ) and a countermovement jump test (CMJ), as well as a repeated sprint ability test (RSA). From this, maximal aerobic speed (MAS, reached at the end of the Yo-Yo IR1), jumping ability, best time in a single sprint trial (RSAbest), total time (RSATT) and the performance decrement (RSAdec) during all sprints were calculated. Later, subjects were randomly assigned to a control group (CG; n=15) performing their normal training schedule (5 weekly sessions of ~90 min of handball training) or an experimental group (EG; n=15). The EG performed two 30 min sessions per week of high-intensity aerobic exercises at 100-130% of MAS in addition to their normal training schedule.
RESULTS: Demonstrated a significant improvement in MAS (d=4.1), RSAbest (d=1.9), RSATT (d=1.5) and RSAdec (d=2.3) after the training period. Also, significant interaction effects (time x group) were found for all parameters as the EG significantly improved performances in all tests after training. The greatest interaction effects were observed in MAS (n2=0.811) and CMJ (n2=0.759). No relevant changes in test performances were found in the CG (mean d=-0.02).
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that individually speed controlled aerobic and interval training is effective for improving specific handball performance.

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