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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Online ISSN 1827-1928
Alcino D. da Silva CARVALHO, José A. RODRIGUES SANTOS
Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that total-body resistance training (RT) performed two to three alternating days per week has positive effects on muscle strength and body composition. However, no evidence exists to determine if total-body RT workouts done on consecutive days (CD) are beneficial. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a total-body RT program performed on three con- secutive or nonconsecutive days (NCD) per week for 7 weeks on maximum strength and body composition in recreationally trained subjects.
METHODS: Twenty-one men were randomly assigned to a 3NCD (n = 11) or 3CD group (n =10). Prior and following training, anthropometric measures, and 1 repetition maximum values for leg press, and bench press were measured.
RESULTS: Statistical analysis revealed a significant increase for leg press strength and bench press strength for both groups (P < 0.01) from pre to post intervention. There was also a significant increase for arm and chest girth measures (P < 0.05) on the 3 CD group. No significant differences between groups were observed.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that RT programs performed on three consecutive or nonconsecutive days per week determine similar effects on maximum strength, and body composition.