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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Jul 21
Effects of eight weeks of functional training in the functional autonomy of elderly women: a pilot study
Dihogo G. DE MATOS 1, Mauro L. MAZINI FILHO 1, Osvaldo C. MOREIRA 2, 3, Cláudia E. DE OLIVEIRA 3, 4, Gabriela R. VENTURINI 5, Marzo E. DA SILVA-GRIGOLETTO 6, 7, Felipe J. AIDAR 8, 9 ✉
1 Department of Sports Science, Exercise and Health of the Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro University, Vila Real, Portugal; 2 Institute of Biological Sciences and Health, Federal University of Viçosa, Campus Florestal, Florestal, Minas Gerais, Brazil; 3 Institute of Biomedicine, University of Leon, Leon, Spain; 4 Physical Education Department, Federal University of Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil; 5 Laboratory of Physical Activity and Health Promotion, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 6 Center of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, Brazil; 7 Scientific Sport, Córdoba, España; 8 Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Sergipe; 9 Graduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of eight weeks of practical training on the functional autonomy of the elderly.
METHODS: The study included 52 elderly women, 65.42 ± 10.31 years, 65.29 ± 11.30kg body mass, 1.58 ± 0.07 height, 26.30 ± 4.52 body mass index, 86.48 ± 10.96 cm waist circumference. These elderly women received a specific functional training protocol where their functional autonomy was assessed at three specific times (0, 10 and 20 sessions). The evaluation consisted of a set of five tests defined by the Latin-American Development Group for the Elderly (GDLAM) to determine the functional autonomy of the elderly: walk 10 meters (C10m); stand up from a chair and walk straightaway (SUCWA); dress and undress a t-shirt (DUT); stand up from a sitting position (SUSP); stand up from a lying position (SULP). In each test, the time taken to complete the task was measured.
RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in all functional autonomy tests after 20 training sessions: C10m (Pre: 8.10 ± 1.27 - post 7.55 ± 1.10); SUCWA (pre: 40.98 ± 2.77 - post 38.44 ± 2.57); DUT (pre: 13.25 ± 0.88 - post 11.85 ± 0.82); SUSP (pre: 10.74 ± 0.52 - after 8.98 ± 056) and SULP (pre: 3.86 ± 0.37 – post 2.82 ± 0.37).
CONCLUSIONS: It was determined that 20 functional training sessions were enough to improve the functional autonomy of elderly women. However, we believe that higher volume and intensity of training could be interesting alternatives for even stronger results in future interventions.