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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 May 11
Eccentric resistance training intensity may affect the severity of exercise induced muscle damage
Timothy HASENOEHRL 1, 2, Barbara WESSNER 1, Harald TSCHAN 3, Claudia VIDOTTO 4, Richard CREVENNA 2, Robert CSAPO 5 ✉
1 University of Vienna, Center for Sport Science and University Sports, Department of Sport and Exercise Physiology, Vienna, Austria; 2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical University of Vienna, General Hospital of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; 3 University of Vienna, Center for Sport Science and University Sports, Department of Training and Movement Science, Vienna, Austria; 4 Study Lab G.m.b.H., Vienna, Austria; 5 Institute for Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the role of eccentric exercise intensity in the development of and recovery from delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS).
METHODS: Using a cross-over study design, 15 healthy, male college students were tested on two occasions. The training stimulus consisted of an exhaustive series of eccentric muscle contractions of the elbow flexors at either 100% (high intensity) or 50% (low intensity) of the individual concentric one-repetition maximum. Blood samples were taken at baseline as well as 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours post exercise, and analyzed for creatine kinase, myoglobin, interleukin-6 and prostaglandin-2. Additionally, upper arm circumference (CIRC) and DOMS-related sensation of pain (PAIN) were measured.
RESULTS: Following high intensity training, CIRC was significantly greater (p = 0.007). Further, creatine kinase, myoglobin and interleukin-6 tended to be higher, although the main effect of the factor “intensity” just failed to reach significance (creatine kinase: p = 0.056, myoglobin: p = 0.064, interleukin-6: p = 0.091). No differences were found for prostaglandin-2 (p=0.783) and PAIN (p=0.147).
CONCLUSIONS: When performed at greater intensity, fatiguing eccentric resistance exercise of the elbow flexors leads to greater muscle swelling and, potentially, increases in serum markers reflecting lesions in the muscle’s cellular membrane.