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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Apr 07
Determination of the effects of playing soccer on physical fitness in individuals with transtibial amputation
Zehra GUCHAN 1, Kezban BAYRAMLAR 2, Nevin ERGUN 3 ✉
1 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Cyprus; 2 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep, Turkey; 3 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to determine the effects of playing soccer on various components of physical performance such as body composition, muscular endurance, anaerobic power, flexibility, balance, and speed of individuals with transtibial amputation.
METHODS: Twelve amputee football players aged 26.67±7.76 years and twelve sedentary individuals aged 33±6.7 years were involved in the study. Body composition, isotonic and isometric endurance of trunk muscles were assessed. Vertical jump test, Sit-and-reach test, Modified Thomas test, Berg Balance Scale, L test and Figure-of-8 Walk were used to assess other physical fitness parameters.
RESULTS: The body mass index, waist circumference and body fat percentages of the amputee soccer players were significantly lower than the sedentary amputees (p<0.05). The endurance of back extensors was significantly higher in the soccer group (119.33±47.15sec) than the endurance in the control group (26.25±15.96sec) (p<0.001). Subjects belonging to the soccer group had significantly higher anaerobic power than those in the control group(p<0.05). Flexibility, as assessed by the Sit and Reach test was significantly higher for the soccer group (p=0.002), whereas the Modified Thomas test, which is also used to measure flexibility, indicated no significant difference among both groups (p>0.05). Balance was higher in the soccer group (p=0.023). The completion period of Figure-of-8 Walk (F8W) test was significantly lower in the soccer group (4.54±0.9sec) than the control group (7.71±2.25sec) (p<0.001). No significant difference was observed in the numbers of steps measured during the F8W test (p=0.231).
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first paper which investigates the effects of sports on the physical fitness of individuals with transtibial amputation with the inclusion of a control group. Overall findings present the benefits of participating in playing soccer on physical fitness parameters of amputees, but further studies with randomised controlled trials, with larger populations, and with other sport branches should be conducted to motivate all amputees to participate in sports.