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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Mar 31
Effects of plyometrics performed during warm-up on 20 and 40 meter sprint performance
Ceith C. CREEKMUR 1, Joshua L. HAWORTH 2, Ronald H. COX 3, Mark S. WALSH 3 ✉
1 Athletic Department, Michigan State University, Ann Arbor, USA; 2 Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA; 3 Department of Kinesiology and Health, Miami University, Oxford, USA
BACKGROUND: Post activation potentiation in the form of a plyometric during warm-ups have been shown to improve performance in some speed/power events. This study aimed to determine if a plyometric during warm up can increase sprint performance in a 20 and 40 m sprint.
METHODS: In this study we measured sprint times of 10 male track and field athletes over distances of 20 and 40 m after warm-ups with and without a plyometric exercise. The subjects performed the sprints at the same time on 2 different days, once with the experimental treatment, a plyometric exercise in the form of a plate jump, and once without. Plate jumps were chosen as the plyometric treatment because they do not require special equipment or facilities. The plate used for the plate jumps had a mass of 11.2 kilograms, which was between 12.8-16.6% of each athlete’s body mass.
RESULTS: Statistical analysis showed a decrease in sprint time when a plyometric was performed during the warm-up for both 20 (t-test p<0.05) and 40 m sprints (t-test p<0.01). The effect sizes of the improvement for both the 20 and 40 m sprints were d=0.459 and d=0.405, respectively, which is considered a small to medium effect.
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that including a plyometric exercise during warm-ups can improve sprint performance in collegiate aged male sprinters during short sprints.