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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Mar 09
Distribution of plantar pressure during jogging barefoot or in minimalistic shoes in persons who used to run in cushioned shoes
Paweł SZULC 1, Małgorzata WASZAK 1, Michał BARTKOWIAK 1, Piotr BARTKOWIAK 1, Maciej TOMCZAK 2, Joanna BOCH-KMIECIAK 1, Krystyna CIEŚLIK 1 ✉
1 Department of Functional Anatomy, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, Poland; 2 Department of Sport Psychology, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, Poland
BACKGROUND: In recent years, an increasing number of runners prefer jogging barefoot or in minimalistic shoes. The aim of this study was to compare the distribution of plantar pressure during jogging barefoot, in minimalistic shoes, or in shoes with cushioned soles, as these forces modulate the risk of injury.
METHODS: The study included nine men aged between 24 and 25 years, who engaged in long- distance running. The plantar pressure of three foot zones (forefoot, midfoot, and hindfoot) was examined with WIN-POD electronic podometer during running barefoot, in minimalistic shoes, or in shoes with cushioned soles.
RESULTS: Individuals who ran barefoot showed the greatest forefoot pressure, followed by those running in minimalistic shoes and cushioned shoes. In contrast, the heel pressure in individuals running in cushioned shoes was significantly greater than in those using minimalistic shoes or running barefoot.
CONCLUSIONS: Switching from running in cushioned shoes to jogging barefoot is associated with the accumulation of greatest pressure in the forefoot and midfoot. The accumulation of the greatest pressure at the insertion of plantar aponeurosis can lead to the injuries of musculoskeletal system, in particular plantar aponeurositis. Even distribution of pressure among various parts of the foot in persons running in minimalistic shoes is associated with lower risk of injury than in the case of running barefoot.