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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 Nov 12
The effect of the oxygen uptake-power output relationship on the prediction of supramaximal oxygen demands
Muniz-Pumares D. 1, Pedlar C. R. 1, Godfrey R. J. 2, Glaister M. 1
1 School of Sport, Health and Applied Science, St Mary’s University, Twickenham, UK;
2 The Centre for Sports Med and Human Performance, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between oxygen uptake (VO2) and power output at intensities below and above the lactate threshold (LT) in cyclists; and to determine the reliability of supramaximal power outputs linearly projected from these relationships.
METHODS: Nine male cyclists (mean ± standard deviation age: 41 ± 8 years; mass: 77 ± 6 kg, height: 1.79 ± 0.05 m and VO2max: 54 ± 7 mL∙kg-1∙min-1) completed two cycling trials each consisting of a step test (10 × 3 min stages at submaximal incremental intensities) followed by a maximal test to exhaustion. The lines of best fit for VO2 and power output were determined for: the entire step test; stages below and above the LT, and from rolling clusters of five consecutive stages. Lines were projected to determine a power output predicted to elicit 110% peak VO2.
RESULTS: There were strong linear correlations (r ≥ 0.953; P < 0.01) between VO2 and power output using the three approaches; with the slope, intercept, and projected values of these lines unaffected (P ≥ 0.05) by intensity. The coefficient of variation of the predicted power output at 110% VO2max was 6.7% when using all ten submaximal stages.
CONCLUSION: Cyclists exhibit a linear VO2 and power output relationship when determined using 3 min stages, which allows for prediction of a supramaximal intensity with acceptable reliability.