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Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport

Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111

Periodicità: Mensile

ISSN 0022-4707

Online ISSN 1827-1928


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 May 29

Effects of rhythmical and extra-rhythmical qualities of music on hearth rate during stationary bike activities

Di Cagno A. 1, Iuliano E. 2, Fiorilli G. 2, Aquino G. 2, Giombini A. 2, Battaglia C. 1, Menotti F. 1, Tsopani D. 3, Calcagno G. 2

1 Department of Health Sciences, Italian University of Sport and Movement of Rome “Foro Italico”, Rome, Italy;
2 Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy;
3 Department of Sport Science, National and Kapodestrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of rhythmical and extra-rhythmical qualities of music on the Heart Rate (HR) and rates of perceived exertion (RPE), during sub maximal stationary bike activity.
METHODS: HR of 28 female adult participants was monitored during 3 session of physical activity, performed under 3 different conditions: Hi-BPM (music with 150-170 BPM), RHYTHM (rhythmical qualities only of Hi-BPM condition) and control condition without music (CONTROL). Four parameters were analyzed: the highest HR value (High-HR), High-HR minus starting HR (ΔHR), time to reach the 75% of Maximal HR (MHR) (TimeTo75%) and time over 75% MHR (TimeOver75%). HR trend analysis was performed to evaluate differences among the three conditions. OMNICycle Scale was administered to evaluate RPE.
RESULTS: MANOVA showed significant differences between the three conditions in TimeTo75%, ΔHR (p<0.01) and TimeOver75% (p<0.05). In RHYTHM and CONTROL conditions after reaching 75% MHR, the HR increase were significantly lower than Hi-BPM (p<0.01). No significant differences were found in OMNI-Cycle Scale scores of Hi-BPM and RHYTHM whereas RPE was significantly higher in CONTROL condition (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Hi-BPM and RHYTHM music allowed a faster reaching of the aerobic training zone compared to CONTROL conditions. Nevertheless, after 75% MHR, extra-rhythmical qualities are necessary to maintain or to increase the working HR levels.


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