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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport


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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 July-August;57(7-8):936-41

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06416-1

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Postural control in elite decathlon athletes: are various modes of dynamic assessment needed?

Sven REUTER, Philipp FORKEL, Andreas B. IMHOFF, Knut BEITZEL

Department for Orthopedic Sports Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany


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BACKGROUND: Decathlon consists of various track and field running, jumping and throwing events. This results in high physical demands and poor postural control may predispose athletes at a higher risk for injury. The purpose of this study was to measure and to show a relationship of different dynamic postural control tests in healthy professional decathlon athletes.
METHODS: The German top decathlon team (eight professional athletes, mean age±standard deviation (SD), 20.8±2.7 years; mean height±SD, 187.1±4.3 cm; mean weight±SD, 82.1±7.2 kg) was tested. Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and three different single-leg-hop tests (SLHT) (single hop for distance [SLH], crossover hop for distance [COH], triple hop for distance [TH] were measured and correlated.
RESULTS: A significant correlation was evident between SLH and COH (r=0.861, P=0.003) and SLH and TH (r=0.908, P=0.001). The correlational analyses of SEBT revealed a significant relationship between the posteromedial and posterolateral direction of the SEBT (r=0.943, P<0.001). SEBT and SLHT showed no correlation.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrated a relationship in performance of different single leg hop tests in professional decathletes. Adversely there is no correlation of the single leg hop tests and the performance in the star excursion balance test. To minimize the time effort of testing procedures, to avoid redundant testing and to determine overall postural control in decathletes, test-batteries should include the SEBT and at least one SLHT.


KEY WORDS: Athletes - Postural balance - Exercise test

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Publication History

Issue published online: June 12, 2017
Manuscript accepted: July 14, 2016
Manuscript revised: June 22, 2016
Manuscript received: January 18, 2016

Per citare questo articolo

Reuter S, Forkel P, Imhoff AB, Beitzel K. Postural control in elite decathlon athletes: are various modes of dynamic assessment needed? J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017;57:936-41. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06416-1

Corresponding author e-mail

Sven.Reuter@mri.tum.de