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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 October;56(10):1113-9
Acute physiological changes in elite free-style wrestlers during a one-day tournament
Muhammed E. KAFKAS 1, Celal TAŞKIRAN 2, Armağan ŞAHİN KAFKAS 1, Gökmen ÖZEN 3, Çağatay TAŞKAPAN 4, Fatma ÖZYALIN 4, Anna SKARPAŃSKA-STEJNBORN 5 ✉
1 Department of Coaching Education, School of Physical Education and Sport, İnönü University, Malatya, Turkey; 2 Department of Physical Education and Sport, School of Physical Education and Sport, İnönü University, Malatya, Turkey; 3 Institute of Health Sciences, İnönü University, Malatya, Turkey; 4 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, İnönü University, Malatya, Turkey; 5 Faculty of Physical Education, E. Piasecki University School of Physical Education, Gorzów Wielkopolski, Poland
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine free radical production, muscle damage and inflammation responses of well-trained wrestlers to a simulated one-day tournament of free-style wrestling.
METHODS: Twelve elite competitive wrestlers with mean age (±SD) of 24.09±6.20 years, body mass 74.09±11.50 kg, and body height 174.90±8.8 cm and who had competed for national teams completed five matches according to the official Olympic wrestling tournament regulations. Blood sampling was collected before and after fifth match. Baseline blood testing was measured at 10:00 a.m. and then matches started at 12:00. Each match was implemented within one hour. Also, the resting time was 45 minutes following each match. The measurements were analyzed by Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test, which is used to test for significant differences between pre- and post-test.
RESULTS: The post-match lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK), and interleukin (IL)-6 levels were significantly increased compared with the baseline status. However, baseline malondialdehyde levels were not found significantly different compared with post-match.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study ensured that one-day Free-Style wrestling tournament brings about significantly increasing on CK, LDH of muscle damage markers. Also, inflammatory status showed a progressive worsening during the course of one-day tournament. The study showed enhanced muscle damage markers and inflammatory status after one-day Free-Style wrestling tournament. Therefore, it appears that one-day free-style wrestling tournament imposes significant physiological demands on wrestlers that may adversely affect their performance and inflammatory status, thereby putting the athletes in a greater risk for injury.