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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Settembre;56(9):968-73
The study of physical requirements for windsurfing specialty
Wen L. WU 1, Hsiu T. HSU 2, I H. CHU 1, Jing M. LIANG 1, Yi T. CHEN 1, Jia H. WU 3 ✉
1 Department of Sports Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 2 Center for General Education, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 3 Department of Industrial Engineering & Management, Hsiuping University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan
BACKGROUND: In order to prepare beginners to be windsurfing players, windsurf-specific fitness training is necessary besides windsurfing skill training. The aim of this study was to clarify distinguish the difference in physical abilities between college windsurfers and age-matched college students without regular exercise, and to provide further training suggestions for a novice.
METHODS: Eight windsurfers and a group of eight age and gender-matched students were involved in the present study. In this study, the ability of coordination, proprioception deficit, balance ability, maximum muscle strength, and muscle endurance for upper and lower limb were measured.
RESULTS: The results showed windsurfers had significantly better coordination ability than the control group in both shoulders and the non-dominant knee. Besides, windsurfers had a significantly smaller sway area of the center of pressure in the balance test. The maximum knee isometric force in non-dominant limbs and upper limb muscle endurance also showed significantly better testing results for the windsurfers.
CONCLUSIONS: This study verified that windsurfers have better physical capability especially in the non-dominant side limbs when compared to common health people.