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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Giugno;56(6):817-24
Perspective of pharmacists in Qatar regarding doping and anti-doping in sports
David MOTTRAM 1, Sherief KHALIFA 2, Bayan ALEMRAYAT 2, Alaa RAHHAL 2, Afif AHMED 3, Mark STUART 4, Ahmed AWAISU 2 ✉
1 School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK; 2 College of Pharmacy, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar; 3 Pharmacy Department, Women’s Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar; 4 BMJ Learning and Quality, British Medical Journal, London, UK
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the current knowledge and perceptions of pharmacists in Qatar with regard to the use of drugs in sport and to explore their views on the introduction of education and training in the area of sports pharmacy.
METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted targeting both hospital and community pharmacists in Qatar. A questionnaire consisting of three domains pertaining to participants’ knowledge, perceived role of healthcare professionals, and attitudes towards educational needs on the use of drugs in sports was developed and validated. The online survey link and paper-based questionnaires were distributed to the target population. Data analyses were performed using IBM SPSS Statistics. Descriptive and inferential statistics were utilized for the analyses, where P<0.05 indicates statistical significance.
RESULTS: A total of 300 pharmacists responded to the survey. Respondents had a limited awareness of doping and anti-doping and achieved an average knowledge score of 53.2% regarding the prohibited status of drugs that may be used by athletes, particularly with respect to over-the-counter medicines and supplements. The majority (81.7%) of the pharmacists expressed an interest in receiving education and training on sports pharmacy.
CONCLUSIONS: Specialized training programs are warranted to ensure that pharmacists have the knowledge and skills required to provide athletes with accurate information about anti-doping issues and the safe and effective use of medicines in sport. The development of these programs should be supported by national pharmacy policy makers and designed in collaboration with anti-doping agencies and sports pharmacy experts and educators.