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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES SPORT CARDIOLOGY
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Maggio;56(5):631-8
Physical activity overcomes the effects of cumulative work time on hypertension prevalence among Brazilian taxi drivers
Marcelo C. VIEIRA 1, Sandro SPERANDEI 2, Arianne C. REIS 3 ✉
1 Center for Cardiology and Exercise, State Institute of Cardiology Aloysio de Castro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 2 Institute of Scientific and Technological Communication & Information in Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 3 School of Business and Tourism, Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour, Australia
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the physical activity profile of taxi drivers and its relationship with hypertension prevalence in this group of workers.
METHODS: Cross sectional exploratory study. Between November 2008 and April 2009, 491 taxi drivers from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, answered a questionnaire focusing on previous hypertension diagnosis, occupational characteristics and physical activity habits. Two logistic models were developed to determine risk factors related to hypertension and to find variables associated with a higher probability of sedentarism.
RESULTS: Hypertension prevalence was 22.6%. The workload of the group investigated was high. Results indicate that ‘age’, ‘Body Mass Index’, ‘physical activity’, and ‘years as a taxi driver’ are related to the probability of hypertension. Physical activity was shown to be a protection factor for hypertension, even considering the deleterious effect of time as a taxi driver. Our results also determined that the practice of physical activity is influenced by age, level of education and workload.
CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended that programs to combat sedentary lifestyles as well as measures to reduce workloads be developed as strategies to prevent hypertension.