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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE PSYCHOLOGY
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 January-February;56(1-2):141-8
Body dissatisfaction and the wish for different silhouette is associated with higher adiposity and fat intake in female ballet dancers than male
Camila L. DA SILVA 1, Erick P. DE OLIVEIRA 2, Maysa V. DE SOUSA 3, Gustavo D. PIMENTEL 4 ✉
1 Specialization Course Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil; 2 School of Medicine, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG, Brazil; 3 Laboratory of Medical Investigation LIM-18, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil; 4 Laboratory of Research in Clinical Nutrition and Sports (Labince), Nutrition Faculty (FANUT), Federal University of Goiás (UFG), Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil
BACKGROUND: It is known that behavioral disorders and altered food intake are linked to ballet dancers. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the body composition, dietetic profile, self-perceived body image and social desirability in professional ballet dancers.
METHODS: This study was conducted from April to October 2010 in athletes screened for nutritional evaluation. Anthropometric, dietary, social desirability and self-perceived body image evaluation were performed to attend the aim of study.
RESULTS: We found that ballet dancers are highly trained and eutrophic, although female dancers had higher adiposity and fat intake than male dancers. In addition, it was observed low consumption of calcium, dietary fiber, potassium, magnesium and vitamin A. Moreover, 30% of male ballet dancers have a strong desire for social acceptance. When the body image was evaluated by Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), was reported that 40% of the ballet female dancers have of moderate to severe alteration in body image and 20% of male dancers had slight alteration. Furthermore, the Drawings and Silhouettes Scale showed that 80% of male dancers wish to have a smaller or larger silhouette than the current self-perceived and 60% of the female dancers would like to have a silhouette lower than the self-perceive as current.
CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our results shown that most of the dancers were eutrophic, but female athletes have higher adiposity and present strong desire for a different shape of current. Furthermore, was found increased fat intake in female group; however, deficiencies in consumption of dietary fiber, calcium, potassium, magnesium and vitamin A were found in both gender.