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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport


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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 December;55(12):1445-51

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Pre-task music improves swimming performance

Smirmaul B. P. 1, Dos Santos R. V. 2, Da Silva Neto L. V. 2

1 Department of Physical Education, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP, Brazil; 2 Department of Sports Sciences, Campinas State University (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil


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AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pre-task music on swimming performance and other psychological variables.
METHODS: A randomized counterbalanced within-subjects (experimental and control condition) design was employed. Eighteen regional level male swimmers performed two 200-m freestyle swimming time trials. Participants were exposed to either 5 minutes of self-selected music (pre-task music condition) or 5 minutes of silence (control condition) and, after 1 minute, performed the swimming task.
RESULTS: Swimming time was significantly shorter (-1.44%) in the pre-task music condition. Listening to pre-task music increased motivation to perform the swimming task, while arousal remained unchanged. While fatigue increased after the swimming task in both conditions, vigor, ratings of perceived exertion and affective valence were unaltered.
CONCLUSION: It is concluded, for the first time, that pre-task music improves swimming performance.

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Per citare questo articolo

Smirmaul BP, Dos Santos RV, Da Silva Neto LV. Pre-task music improves swimming performance. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2015 December;55(12):1445-51. 

Corresponding author e-mail

brunosmirmaul@gmail.com