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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 November;55(11):1293-8
Heritability of the rate of torque development
Lykoudi T. K. 1, Athanasopoulos S. I. 1, Geladas N. D. 2, Katopi D. K. 3, Klissouras V. 2 ✉
1 Sports Physical Therapy Laboratory, Department of Sports Medicine and Biology of Physical Activity, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Daphne, Greece;
2 Department of Sports Medicine and Biology of Physical Activity, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Daphne, Greece;
3 Blood Bank General Hospital “Alexandra”, Athens, Greece
AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the genetic and environmental contribution to the variation observed in the rate of torque development (RTD), which is considered an important determinant of sport performance.
METHODS: Nine monozygotic (MZ) and seven dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs, of both sexes aged 19-26 years, performed three isometric maximal voluntary contractions with the knee at 70 degrees and 40 degrees of flexion (0 degrees=terminal extension) on a Contrex Isokinetic dynamometer. The RTD was extracted from the force time curves and calculated in two different ways, giving rise to two indices, the maximal rate of torque development (MRTD), and the torque at the first 100 msec (F100msec). Heritability estimates (h2) were derived on the basis of intrapair variances between MZ and DZ twin pairs.
RESULTS: A significant genetic influence (P<0.05) was found for both RTD indices (h2=0.99, and 0.93 for MRTD, and F100msec respectively) at only 40 degrees of knee flexion, an angle associated with intensive neural activation.
CONCLUSION: The maximal rate of torque development of knee extensor muscles during the initial phase of their contraction and at enhanced neural activation, is under strong genetic influence.