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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES SPORT CARDIOLOGY
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 October;55(10):1200-6
The independent roles of cardiorespiratory fitness and sedentary time on chronic conditions and Body Mass Index in older adults
Stathokostas L. 1, 2, Dogra S. 3, Paterson D. H. 1, 2 ✉
1 Canadian Centre for Activity and Aging, London, Ontario, Canada;
2 School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada;
3 University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
AIM: The aim of this paper was to examine the independent influence of cardiorespiratory fitness and sedentary behavior on chronic disease incidence and body composition in older adults.
METHODS: A sample of 292 community dwelling men and women (mean 69.3±8.1 years) underwent maximal treadmill testing and completed questionnaires relating to their leisure-time physical activity, sedentary time, and health.
RESULTS: The average V O2 of the sample was approximately 21ml.kg-1.min-1 with the average sedentary time being over 3 hours per day. Cardiorespiratory fitness was found to be a stronger predictor of number of chronic conditions and BMI than total physical activity and sedentary. Those with a higher cardiorespiratory fitness had fewer chronic conditions and a lower BMI. No such associations were seen for either total physical activity levels or sedentary time.
CONCLUSION: Cardiorespiratory fitness is a stronger predictor of health among older adults and further highlights the importance of promoting public health guidelines for cardiorespiratory fitness.