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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES PSYCHOLOGY
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 July-August;55(7-8):835-44
Sources of sport confidence, imagery type and performance among competitive athletes: the mediating role of sports confidence
Levy A. R. 1, Perry J. 2, Nicholls A. R. 3, Larkin D. 1, Davies J. 1 ✉
1 Department of Psychology, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, UK;
2 Department of Sport Health & Nutrition, Leeds Trinity University College, Leeds, UK;
3 Department of Psychology, University of Hull, Hull, UK
AIM: This study explored the mediating role of sport confidence upon (1) sources of sport confidence-performance relationship and (2) imagery-performance relationship.
METHODS: Participants were 157 competitive athletes who completed state measures of confidence level/sources, imagery type and performance within one hour after competition.
RESULTS: Among the current sample, confirmatory factor analysis revealed appropriate support for the nine-factor SSCQ and the five-factor SIQ. Mediational analysis revealed that sport confidence had a mediating influence upon the achievement source of confidence-performance relationship. In addition, both cognitive and motivational imagery types were found to be important sources of confidence, as sport confidence mediated imagery type- performance relationship.
CONCLUSION: Findings indicated that athletes who construed confidence from their own achievements and report multiple images on a more frequent basis are likely to benefit from enhanced levels of state sport confidence and subsequent performance.