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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport


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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 Giugno;55(6):604-8

lingua: Inglese

Bench press exercise: the key points

Padulo J. 1, 2, Laffaye G. 3, Chaouachi A. 4, Chamari K. 2, 5

1 University e Campus, Novedrate, Italy;
2 Tunisian Research Laboratory “Sports Performance Optimization”, National Center of Medicine and Science in Sport, Tunis, Tunisia;
3 UR CIAMS – Motor Control and Perception Group, Department of Sport Sciences, Université Paris‑ Sud, Orsay, France;
4 AUT University, Sports Performance Research, Institute New Zeland, Auckland, New Zeland;
5 Aspetar, Qatar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Research and Education Centre, Doha, Qatar


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The bench press exercise (BPE) is receiving increasing interest as a field testing, training/therapeutic modality to improve neuromuscular performance or to increase bone mass density. Several studies have been performed using BPE as a standard for increasing upper-limb strength. For this purpose, the position of the bar, the loads, the sets, the number of repetitions, the recovery time in-between sets, the movement speed, the muscular work and the use of the determination of the one repetition maximum (1-RM) are the classical tools investigated in the literature that have been shown to affect the BPE effect on neuromuscular. The goal of the present short review is to make a picture of the current knowledge on the bench press exercise, which could be very helpful for a better understanding of this standard movement and its effects. Based on the related literature, several recommendations on these key points are presented here.

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