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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES CLINICAL MEDICINE
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 January-February;55(1-2):113-7
How accurate are Omron X–HJ-304-E and Yamax SW-700/701 pedometers at different speeds and various inclinations?
Wallmann-Sperlich B. 1, 2, Froboese I. 2, 3, Reed J. L. 4, Mathes S. 3, Sperlich B. 1 ✉
1 Institute of Sport Science, Julius‑Maximilians‑University, Würzburg, Germany;
2 Institute of Health Promotion and Clinical Movement Science, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany;
3 Centre of Health, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany;
4 Minto Prevention and Rehabilitation Centre, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Canada
AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate step count and energy expenditure accuracy of the piezoelectric Omron (Walking Style X-HJ-304-E) and spring-levered Yamax (Digi-Walker-SW-700/701) pedometers at different speeds and various inclinations.
METHODS: Thirty subjects (15 females, aged: 24±3 years) completed eleven 5-min trials at different treadmill speeds and inclinations (3.24 km∙h-1 [inclination: 0, 9, 20%], 4.68 km∙h-1 [0, 9, 20%], 6.48 km∙h-1 [0, 9%], 9 km∙h-1 [0%], 10.8 km∙h-1 [0%], 12.6 km∙h-1 [0%]). During each trial, an investigator recorded actual steps with a hand tally counter. Actual energy expenditure was measured using a portable indirect calorimeter.
RESULTS: The Omron pedometer revealed high step count accuracy for all speeds and inclinations when worn on the hip or a backpack (Mean % of actual steps: 99.6%; Range: 95.8-101.3%). The Yamax pedometer revealed high step count accuracy (Mean % of actual steps: 99.8%; Range: 96.2-103.3%) when worn on the left hip at 6.48-12.6 km∙h-1 (0%), 4.68 km∙h-1 (9%, 20%), 6.48 km∙h-1 (9%) and on the right hip at 10.8 km∙h-1 (0%) and 6.48 km∙h-1 (9%). The accuracy of the Omron and Yamax determined energy expenditure was poor (57.9-59.7%) when compared to indirect calorimetry.
CONCLUSION: The Omron pedometer provides accurate step counts when worn on the hip and backpack at all tested speeds and inclinations. We therefore suggest an accurate application of this device for walking, hiking and running at moderate speeds. Both pedometers underestimated energy expenditure.