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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES EXCERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2013 December;53(6):604-11
The effects of positive airway pressure on cardiovascular responses, perceived effort and time to exhaustion during high-intensity exercise in healthy subjects
De Sant’anna M. Junior 1, Mafra Moreno A. 2, Da Silva Soares P. P. 3 ✉
1 Physiotherapy Departament Plínio Leite University Center, Niterói, Brazil. Physicaltherapy in Hospital University Clementino Fraga Filho, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;
2 Cardiovascular Sciences of Post‑Graduation Program Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Brazil, Physiotherapy Departament Plínio Leite University Center, Niterói, Brazil;
3 Physical Activity Sciences Post-Graduation Program Salgado de Oliveira University, Niterói, Brazil, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Brazil
Aim: We investigated the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the time to fatigue, rates of perceived exertion (RPE), and cardiovascular responses during sustained, high-intensity exercise (80% of VO2peak).
Methods: Healthy male subjects (N.=11) underwent CPAP adaptation at rest to exclude those who felt incapable of breathing with the device and to determine the hemodynamic-induced changes. Subjects performed two exercise sessions, pedaling at 80% of VO2peak with or without CPAP until volitional fatigue. Heart rate was measured continuously, and blood pressure and RPE were recorded every minute.
Results: The time to exhaustion was increased in the sessions with CPAP compared with sessions without CPAP (889±270 s vs. 689±256 sec, respectively, P=0.037). There were no differences in the cardiovascular variables at the end of the exercise sessions with or without CPAP. The RPE was lower during exercise with CPAP, but it reached maximal values similar to those observed at the end of exercise without CPAP.
Conclusion: During sustained, high-intensity exercise (80% of VO2peak), CPAP extended the time to fatigue in healthy subjects but did not change the heart rate, blood pressure or rate pressure product. Additionally, the central and peripheral RPEs remained lower for a longer period of time during exercise with CPAP.