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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Online ISSN 1827-1928
EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
Di Michele R. 1,2, Del Curto L. 2, Merni F. 1,2
1 Department of Histology, Embryology and Applied Biology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy;
2 Faculty of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
AIM: This study aimed to assess the mechanical and metabolic responses of competitive runners throughout a high-intensity circuit training (HICT) workout, designed to improve explosive strength under acute metabolic fatigue.
METHODS: Eight high-level endurance runners (age: 21.8±3.7 y; body mass: 61.5±5.7 kg; height: 175.2±5.2 cm; 1500-m record: 3 min 54±7s) completed an incremental exhaustive running test to determine the maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) and maximum aerobic speed (MAS). The athletes then performed on a track a HICT workout, consisting of two identical circuits interspersed by 5-min of passive recovery. Each circuit was constituted by six 30-s dynamic or explosive strength exercises, alternated to 200-m runs (1000-m for the final run) at 90-95% of MAS. During a hopping exercise included in the circuit, and during the 1000-m run, lower limb stiffness measures were obtained from contact and flight times using a method based on the spring-mass model.
RESULTS:Hopping stiffness was significantly lower (P<0.05) in the second circuit (12.42±2.70 kN·m-1) compared to the first one (13.76±2.10 kN·m-1). Conversely, leg stiffness during running was similar (P>0.05) in the first and the second circuit (8.08±1.49 vs. 7.87±1.31 kN·m-1), as well as vertical stiffness (33.56±5.25 vs. 32.16±5.45 kN·m-1). The mean VO2 in the 1000-m run of the two circuits was 93.17±3.56 % and 93.47±3.91 % of VO2max, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Despite the occurrence of acute neuromuscular fatigue throughout the workout, the runners avoided an impairment of their stiffness during running. Furthermore, the relatively high percentage of VO2max achieved indicates the HICT involves also stimuli for aerobic conditioning.