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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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(Biochemistry, Immunology, Neurology, ...)
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 December;51(4):695-700
Changes in cardiovascular risk factors and inflammatory markers of young, healthy, men after six weeks of moderate or high intensity resistance training
Sheikholeslami Vatani D. 1, Ahmadi S. 2, Ahmadi Dehrashid K. 3, Gharibi F. 4 ✉
1 Assistant Professor in Exercise Physiology, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran;
2 Assistant Professor in Physiology, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran;
3 Young Researchers Club, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kurdistan, Iran;
4 Master in health and therapeutic management,, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
AIM: The present study was done to see the Influence of moderate and severe intensity resistance exercises on some cardiovascular risk factors.
METHODS:Thirty young healthy male were randomly divided in to two types of intervention [MI: moderate intensity (45-55% 1RM), HI: high intensity (80-90% 1RM)] and one Control (no intervention) groups. Subjects in MI and HI intervention groups underwent 3 supervised resistance-training sessions per week for six weeks. IL-1, IL-6, HS-CRP, fibrinogen, ApoB, ApoA, LDL, HDL, ApoB/ApoA ratio, Lipoprotein Lipase (LPL), TG, cholesterol, cholesterol/HDL ratio, body mass index (BMI), systolic pressure (Ps), diastolic pressure (Pd) and waist/hip ratio (WHR) before and after resistance training period were assessed.
RESULTS: IL-1, IL-6, ApoB, ApoA, LPL, TG levels, ApoB/ApoA ratio, Ps, Pd, WHR, BMI and CPR did not change significantly in trained groups. In post test HS-CRP was significantly lower in trained groups in comparison to control group (P≤0.05). LDL, Cholesterol and cholesterol/HDL ratio decreased significantly in trained groups (P≤0.05). In the HI group plasma level of fibrinogen were decreased while HDL level were increased (P≤0.05).
CONCLUSION: Resistance training for 6 weeks in young healthy males evoked beneficial effects regarding some inflammatory and cardiovascular risk markers. Higher-intensity resistance training was more effective in reducing plasma fibrinogen and increasing plasma HDL levels than moderate resistance training.