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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 December;51(4):670-5
Changes in obesity, cardiorespiratory fitness and habitual physical activity following a one-year intervention program in obese youth: a pilot study
Vanhelst J. 1, 2, Fardy P. S. 3, Mikulovic J. 2, Marchand F. 4, Bui-Xuan G. 5, Theunynck D. 2, Beghin L. 1, 6 ✉
1 CIC-9301-CH&U-Inserm de Lille, Lille, France;
2 EA 4110 ER3S,Lille University North of France, Dunkerque, France;
3 Department of Family, Nutrition and Exercise Sciences (FNES), Queens College, New York, USA;
4 UDSL, EA4488 Physical Activity, Muscle, Health, F-59790, Ronchin, France;
5 EA 4110 - ER3S, Lille University North of France, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France;
6 U995-Inserm, IMPRT, Lille University North of France, Lille, France
AIM: The aim To assess the effects of a unique twelve month program of physical activity and health education on body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity habits in obese youth.
METHODS: Thirty-seven physician referred subjects, nineteen girls (12.7±3.1 years) and eighteen boys (12.2±2.8 years) participated in the study. Treatment consisted of a unique program of physical activity that emphasized playing games. Activity sessions were offered one time per week, two hours each session, for twelve months. A two hour health education class was provided every 3 months. Weight, height, Body Mass Index, cardiorespiratory fitness and habitual physical activity were measured.
RESULTS: Findings of the study demonstrated a significant improvement in body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness (P<0.001), and habitual physical activity (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: Results of the pilot study were favorable in addressing serious health issues in young obese boys and girls.