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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES EXERCISE AND SPORTS CARDIOLOGY
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 Settembre;51(3):444-51
Heart rate response to a standardized walking exercise in the Arctic circumpolar region in morning vs. evening during the polar night and midnight sun
Calogiuri g. 1, Weydahl a. 1, Sothern R. B. 1, 2 ✉
1 Department of Physical Education/Arctic Chronobiology, Finnmark University College, Alta, Norway
2 The Rhythmometry Laboratory, College of Biological Sciences, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA
AIM: Awareness of daytime and/or seasonal variation in performance and exercise efficiency can be important for athletes and coaches in order to suitably plan training sessions and avoid over-training. The study goal was to evaluate and compare walking-speed and time-related heart rate (HR) responses to a walking task at two times of day and year.
METHODS: Five healthy females (age 21-35 years) performed 9 km outdoor walking at 09:00h and 18:00h on 4 consecutive days in a period without sunlight (January) and with continuous daylight (May). Walking speed, average-heart rate (HR) and peak-HR (as %HRmax) were compared across all exercise sessions.
RESULTS: In January the subjects achieved a higher peak-HR when they trained in the evening vs. morning, while average-HR and walking speed were not modified significantly. In May they achieved a higher peak-HR and kept a higher average-HR when they trained in the morning, under the same walking speed. In both training-times carried out in May, average-HR and peak-HR were lower compared with January, while the walking speed was unvaried.
CONCLUSION: A lower exercise average and peak HR, that could potentially be a favourable condition for exercise conditioning, was observed at both daily test times in May vs. January, with overall lowest HR observed in May when exercise occurred at 18:00 h. These findings support the presence of both seasonal and time of day effects on HR responses to a standardized exercise.