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Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 Marzo;51(1):66-73
Physiological and neuromuscular impact of beach-volleyball with reference to fatigue and recovery
Magalhães J. 1,2, Inácio M. 2, Oliveira E. 2, Ribeiro J. C. 1, Ascensão A. 1,2
1 Research Center in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure (CIAFEL), Porto, Portugal;
2 Department of Sport Biology, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal
AIM: The aim of the present study was to analyze the physiological and neuromuscular impact of a one 3-set beach-volleyball match and to analyze the ability of the players to recover from fatigue.
METHODS: Heart rate (HR) and blood lactate concentration (BLC) were measured in sixteen Portuguese male elite volleyball players during beach-volleyball matches. Vertical countermovement jump (CMJ), sprint (7.5 and 15m) ability and maximal isometric voluntary contraction (MIVC) were evaluated at baseline, immediately (0h) and 3 hours after each match.
RESULTS: Mean HR during the match was 146±3 bpm (117±2-185±3 bpm) corresponding to about 75% of HRmax (61-90%HRmax). Players spent 34% of match time above 80% HRmax. BLC during the 3-sets increased from rest (0.95±0.23 vs. 2.10±0.66 [1st-set] vs. 2.41±0.15 [2nd-set] vs. 2.39±0.21mM [3rd-set]). No changes in CMJ were observed at 0 and 3h. Knee extensor and flexor muscles MIVC decreased at 0h (~19 and 17%, respectively) and returned to baseline 3h after. Sprint performance was the only variable that was impaired both at 0h and 3h after the match (~3%).
CONCLUSION: Beach-volleyball is performed intermittently at moderate-to-high intensity with brief bouts of high intensity exercise interspersed by long low intensity periods. Match induced a temporary reduction in lower limb strength and sprinting time but 3h after the match all variables with the exception of the sprinting time, that was only slightly reduced, were recovered.