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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles BODY COMPOSITION, SPORT NUTRITION AND SUPPLEMENTATION (ERGOGENICS)
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2009 September;49(3):265-71
Assessment of body fluid balance and voluntary drinking in ultimate players during a match
Martarelli D. 1, Uguccioni F. 1, Stauffacher S. 1, Spataro A. 2, Cocchioni M. 1, Pompei P. 1 ✉
1 Department of Experimental Medicine and Public Health, University of Camerino, Camerino, Macerata, Italy;
2 Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Sport Medicine Rome, Italy
AIM. Ultimate is a sport played by hundreds of thousands of people in more than 42 countries; however, it is still mainly known as a recreational more than a team sport, and further studies are needed to define its physical load. Particularly, since no studies relating Ultimate to hydration have been performed, we aimed to determine body fluid balance, voluntary water intake and the most reliable method for assessing the hydration status of players after a typical 80-minute Ultimate match.
METHODS: bioimpedance, urine specific gravity and body mass changes to asses the hydration level of the players were measured.
RESULTS: It was observed that not all of the methods are adequate to determine dehydration in Ultimate players, and that measurement of body mass changes represents a reliable and accurate technique.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate that ultimate as an intense sport that can induce significant fluid loss, which is not always replaced by individual drinking.