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Original articles  EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2007 Settembre;47(3):351-5

lingua: Inglese

Asthma and allergy in young athletes in Siena Province. Preliminary results

Macucci F. 1, Guerrini L. 2, Strambi M. 1

1 Section of Preventive Pediatrics and Neonatology Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine Le Scotte Polyclinic, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
2 Section of Pediatrics Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine Le Scotte Polyclinic, University of Siena, Siena, Italy


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Aim. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of asthma and related respiratory symptoms in a sample of the Siena pediatric population that engages in sport.
Methods. The subjects were 460 young athletes, age 7-14 years, enrolled in 23 sporting clubs in 10 municipalities of Siena Province. Subjects and their parents answered a questionnaire on life style and the children underwent basal spirometric tests at their respective training centers.
Results. A total of 352 questionnaires (76.6%) were returned; 80% of responders performed the spirometric test. The lifetime prevalences of asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis were found to be 17.33%, 22.16% and 11.08%, respectively. About 33.2% of subjects had also experienced symptoms compatible with exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) during sport and 4.2% of them had had to stop activity at least once.
Conclusion. The results suggest that EIB is a major phenomenon in our province and that this disorder interferes with, or even limits, physical activity of young athletes.

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