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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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EXERCISE AND SPORTS CARDIOLOGY
Sagiv M., Sagiv, D. Ben-Sira M.
Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Division The Zinman College, Wingate, Israel
Aim. Training during adolescence may influence the myocardium’s adaptation. Effects of exercise training on left ventricular function differ depending whether they result from pressure or volume overload. Accordingly, the present study was designed to examine, by echocardiography studies, the effects of endurance versus weight lifting training modes on left ventricular contractility in healthy adolescent boys.
Methods. Sixty healthy adolescent boys were randomly and evenly divided into 3 groups: weightlifting training, run-training, and control. Exercising groups underwent 28-week training programs, 3-4 times a week, 35 min each session. The weight lifting program for consisted of training on 6 dynamic resistive machines at resistance corresponding to 6-repetition maximum. The running program was composed of aerobic exercise training at 65% of their V.O2max.
Results. At rest, only in the runners end diastolic volume and end systolic pressure-volume ratio differed significantly (P<0.05) from pre- to post-testing. During post-testing session at peak exercise, runners compared to weightlifters demonstrated improvement respectively in: wall stress (245±42 and 290±35 103 dyn.cm2), end systolic pressure-volume ratio (7.2±.7 and 6.4±.5 ratio) and ejection fraction (82±5% and 76±5%). Maximal oxygen uptake (48.2±3.2 and 43.8±3.5 mL.kg-1.min-1), also improved significantly (P<0.05). Maximal load was significantly (P<0.05) higher in the runners and weight lifters than in the control group with significantly (P<0.05) higher values for the weight lifters than runners.
Conclusion. This study has showed that in adolescent boys the mode of exercise training leads to significant differences in left ventricular function and contractility, related to differences in volume-after-load relationship and not to fundamental differences in the properties of the myocardium.