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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles SPORT INJURIES AND REHABILITATION
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2006 December;46(4):585-9
The reliability of isokinetic and isometric leg strength measures among individuals with symptoms of mild osteoarthritis
Carpenter M. R., Carpenter R. L., Peel J., Zukley L. M., Angelopoulou K. M., Fischer I., Angelopoulos T. J., Rippe J. M.
Rippe Lifestyle Institute Shrewsbury, MA, USA
Aim. The aim of the study is to evaluate the test-retest reliability of measures of isokinetic and isometric leg strength and joint function among individuals exhibiting symptoms of mild osteoarthritis. Reliable procedures are needed to assess the effectiveness of an intervention on osteoarthritic symptoms.
Methods. Test-retest reliability of two leg strength protocols was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (R). Testing was completed on two occasions separated by 7 days. Eighteen subjects (9 male and 9 female; 54.1±11 years) completed an isokinetic testing trial, which consisted of a set of 5 maximal repetitions of the quadriceps and hamstrings at 60 deg/s followed by a set of 15 maximal contractions at 180 deg/s with a 2-min rest between sets and an isometric testing trial, which consist of 3 maximal contractions of the quadriceps for 6 s with a 30-s rest between contractions at 30, 45, and 80 degrees of knee flexion for a total of 9 isometric contractions. A 90-s rest occurred between angles.
Results. Most of the isokinetic variables showed moderate to high intraclass reliability (ICC). Two of the calculated isokinetic variables (work fatigue at 180°/s for extension and for flexion) showed low intraclass reliability (ICC=0.78, resp. ICC=0.6). All calculated ICC values of the isometric variables were moderate to high.
Conclusions. Test-retest reliability of isokinetic and isometric leg strength was high, allowing the intervention protocol to monitor changes in leg strength and joint function among those exhibiting symptoms of mild osteoarthritis.