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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles IMMUNOLOGY
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2006 March;46(1):143-51
Exercise during late-follicular menstrual phase: influence on immune parameters
Bouillon L. E. 1, Flynn M. G. 2, Lambert C. P. 3, Fahlman M., 4 Braun W. A. 3, Choi D. 3
1 University of Findlay, Findlay, OH, USA
2 Wastl Human Performance Laboratory Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
3 Exercise Physiology Laboratory University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA
4 Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
Aim. The purpose of this study was to examine whether training status and plasma hormones (estradiol-E2, progesterone-P, luteinizing hormone-LH, and follicle-stimulating hormone-FSH) have an effect on selected immune indexes during or following an acute bout of exercise. Methods. Seven female triathletes (TRI) and 7 recreationally active (REC) females were randomly assigned to rest (RE) and exercise (EX) trials during the late-follicular menstrual phase (LF). The EX was 1 hour of cycling at 63.1±6% V.O2peak (TRI) and 61±5.1% V.O2peak (REC) and RE was 1 hour of sitting. Blood was drawn for both trials at baseline (0H), 1 hour (1H), and at 3 hours (3H).
Results. Positive correlations were found between E2 and CD19+ cells for both groups as well as P and CD8+ cells for the REC group. E2 increased during EX and returned to baseline at 3HEX for both groups, however, LH remained elevated at 3HEX for REC. There were significant exercise time effects for CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, and CD3-CD16+CD56+ cells. The NCMC and 1:1 were elevated at 1HEX for both groups and returned to baseline by 3HEX. During RE, CD3-CD16+CD56+ cell numbers for both groups and NCMC for REC remained elevated at 3HRE.
Conclusion. E2 and P correlated with CD19+ and CD8+ cells, respectively. Although there were transient exercise-induced changes in immune indexes and E2 and LH, with LH remaining elevated at 3HEX for REC, both training groups elicited similar responses for plasma hormones, lymphocyte subpopulations, and NCMC.