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Original articles  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2005 Marzo;45(1):32-7

lingua: Inglese

Measurement of talent in judo using a unique, judo-specific ability test

Lidor R. 1, 2, Melnik Y. 3, Bilkevitz A. 3, Arnon M. 1, Falk B. 4

1 The Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel
2 Faculty of Education University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
3 Unit for Gifted Young Athletes Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel
4 The Ribstein Center for Sport Medicine Sciences and Research Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel


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Aim. Coaches of ­young ath­letes at ear­ly phas­es of devel­op­ment ­often use bat­ter­ies of ­tests in ­order to ­obtain infor­ma­tion ­that ­will be help­ful in pre­dict­ing ­their ­future suc­cess. However, lit­tle sci­en­tif­ic ­inquiry has ­been con­duct­ed on the rel­e­vance of the test­ing pro­cess to the ­final selec­tion and suc­cess of ­young pros­pects. The pur­pose of ­this ­study was to exam­ine the ben­e­fits of a ­unique ­judo-spe­cif­ic abil­ity ­test in ear­ly phas­es of tal­ent devel­op­ment and selec­tion.
Methods. Ten judo­kas (12-15 ­years of age) under­went assess­ment of gen­er­al abil­ity and spe­cif­ic ­judo abil­ity 3 ­times dur­ing 1994 and 1995, at ­about 6-­month inter­vals. The gen­er­al abil­ity ­test includ­ed: sit-ups, ­push-ups, and ­side-to-­side ­jumps. The spe­cif­ic ­judo abil­ity ­test was com­prised of 10 sta­tions in ­which the judo­kas per­formed phys­i­cal abil­ity and ­skill ­tasks. Following the 12-­month train­ing pro­gram the judo­kas ­were ­ranked by the 2 nation­al ­judo coach­es. Eight ­years ­after the begin­ning of the train­ing pro­gram, the judo­kas ­were ­ranked ­once ­again by the nation­al coach­es.
Results. Data anal­y­sis ­revealed ­that the spe­cif­ic ­judo abil­ity ­test did not cor­re­late ­with ­either the 1995 or ­with the 2003 rank­ing.
Conclusion. Because the ­unique ­judo-spe­cif­ic abil­ity ­test was not ­found to be sen­si­tive ­enough to accu­rate­ly meas­ure tal­ent, it is sug­gest­ed ­that ­future stud­ies inves­ti­gate the use­ful­ness of ­tests reflect­ing a ­more ­open-­skill envi­ron­ment.

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