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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2003 Dicembre;43(4):437-43
Reproducibility of the instant of equality of pulmonary gas exchange and its physiological significance
Laplaud D. 1, 2, Menier R. 1
1 Regional Center of Sports Medicine, Limousin, CHRU Dupuytren, Limoges, France,
2 UPRES EA3285, Physiologic Determinants of Physical Activity, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of the Mediterranean, Marseille, France
Aim. The goal of this work was to highlight the effectiveness of a new submaximal exercise index of aerobic endurance using a single incremental test: the time at which oxygen uptake and carbon dioxide output are equal, i.e., when the respiratory exchange ratio (RER)=1.00. We studied 2 experimental sets, the 1st to assess the reproducibility and the variability of measured variables, the 2nd to assess the physiological significance of the instant RER=1.00.
Methods. The 1st group consisted of 8 subjects who performed 3 maximal ramp tests, the 2nd of 32 athletes. All subjects performed an incremental ramp test until exhaustion with determination of 1st and 2nd ventilatory and lactic thresholds (VT1-LT1, VT2-LT2) and the RER=1.00 instant.
Results. There was no significant difference in the used fractions of reserves (UF r) for heart rate, oxygen uptake and power output for RER=1.00 between tests, the coefficients of variation being non-significant. In group 2, there were no significant difference of UF r between VT1 and LT1, VT2 and RER=1.00, LT2 and RER=1.00. In contrast, VT2 differed significantly from LT2.
Conclusion. Measurement of the instant of equality of pulmonary gas exchange was therefore reproducible with a low intraindividual variability. Moreover, it exists a concordance of the apparitions of VT1 and LT1 and between these of RER=1.00 and VT2 and LT2. Thus, with the instant RER=1.00 provides the physiologist and the sports physician with an efficient submaximal tool to evaluate aerobic endurance of athletes using a single incremental exercise test.