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ULTIMO FASCICOLOTHE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

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Original articles  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2003 Giugno;43(2):139-44

lingua: Inglese

Soccer specific testing of maximal oxygen uptake

Kemi O. J., Hoff J., Engen L. C., Helgerud J., Wisløff U.

Depart­ment of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Med­ical Tech­nology ­Center, Nor­we­gian Uni­ver­sity of Sci­ence and Tech­nology, Trond­heim, ­Norway


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Aim. Endu­rance ­capacity in ­soccer ­players is impor­tant. A ­soccer spe­cific ­test for ­direct meas­ure­ment of max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake ­does, how­ever, not ­exist. The aim of ­this ­study was to eval­uate max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake in a ­soccer spe­cific ­field ­test, com­pared to tread­mill run­ning.
­Methods. Ten ­male ­soccer ­players (age 21.9±3.0 ­years, ­body ­mass 73.3±9.5 kg, ­height 179.9±4.7 cm) par­tic­i­pated in the ­study, and 5 endu­rance ­trained men (age 24.9±1.8 ­years, ­body ­mass 81.5±3.7 kg, ­height 185.6±3.1 cm) ­took ­part in a com­par­ison of the port­able and the sta­tionary meta­bolic ­test ­systems. The ­soccer ­players accom­plished a tread­mill ­test and a ­soccer spe­cific ­field ­test con­taining drib­bling, repet­i­tive ­jumping, accel­er­a­tions, decel­er­a­tions, ­turning and back­wards run­ning.
­Results. Max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake was sim­ilar in ­field (5.0±0.5 L · min-1) and labor­a­tory (5.1±0.7 L · min-1) ­tests, as ­were max­imal ­heart ­rate, max­imal ­breathing fre­quency, res­pir­a­tory ­exchange ­ratio and ­oxygen ­pulse. Max­imal ven­ti­la­tion was 5.4% ­higher at max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake ­during tread­mill run­ning.
Con­clu­sion. ­These find­ings ­show ­that ­testing of max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake ­during ­soccer spe­cific ­testing ­gives sim­ilar ­results as ­during tread­mill run­ning, and there­fore ­serves as a ­valid ­test of max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake in ­soccer ­players.

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