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Original articles  Epidemiology


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2002 September;42(3):354-9

lingua: Inglese

Combating drug use in competitive sports. An analysis from the athletes’ perspective

Striegel H., Vollkommer G., Dickhuth H.-H.

From the Medical Clinic and Policlinic Department of Sports Medicine University of Tuebingen, Tübingen, Germany


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Background. Doping has devel­oped ­into a wide­spread prob­lem in com­pet­i­tive and ­high-per­for­mance ­sports due to increas­ing pro­fes­sion­al­ism in, and com­mer­cial­iza­tion of ­sports. In con­trast, gov­ern­ments and ­sports organ­iza­tions ­have lim­it­ed finan­cial resourc­es to sup­port all com­pet­i­tive ­sports. Therefore, fur­ther improve­ment of ­anti-dop­ing meas­ures can ­only be ­achieved ­through the inclu­sion and ­active par­tic­i­pa­tion of the ath­letes them­selves.
Methods. In ­this ­study, 101 German ath­letes who are sub­ject to nation­al and inter­na­tion­al ­anti-dop­ing ­tests ­were ­asked if dop­ing in ­sports ­should be com­bat­ed, and ­which ­anti-dop­ing meas­ures ­appeared effec­tive ­from an ­athlete’s per­spec­tive.
Results. Ninety-­eight ­point ­zero two per ­cent of ­those ­ques-­tioned ­felt ­that meas­ures ­should be tak­en ­against dop­ing in ­sports. Improved meth­ods of detec­tion and ­more infor­ma­tion on the ­health ­risks ­were ­favored, as ­opposed to ­more ­severe pun­ish­ments. In addi­tion, ­more ­than two ­thirds of the ath­letes sup­port­ed the intro­duc­tion of an ­anti-dop­ing law. The ­desire for ­more fre­quent ­drug test­ing was ­also ­expressed, ­despite the dis­tinct inva­sion of the ­athletes’ pri­va­cy.
Conclusions. An ­anti-dop­ing law, as request­ed by the ath­letes, ­should ­include meas­ures for edu­cat­ing the pub­lic ­about the ­health ­risks ­involved ­with dop­ing. In addi­tion, ­such a law ­would ­also ­make it pos­sible to devel­op suit­able meth­ods of detec­tion.

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