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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Alfonsi E. 1, Pavesi R. 2, Merlo I. M. 1, Gelmetti A. 3, Zambarbieri D. 2, Lago P. 3, Arrigo A. 1, Reggiani C. 4, Moglia A. 1, 5
1 Clinical Neurophysiology Unit, Fondazione “Istituto Neurologico C. Mondino”, IRCCS, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy;
2 Department of Systems and Computer Science, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy;
3 Policlinico “S. Matteo”, IRCCS, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy;
4 Department of Human Physiology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy;
5 Interdisciplinar Center of Sport Medicine, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Background. To assess how muscle ischaemia and isometric fatiguing contraction influence oxygen content in striated muscle.
Methods. We simultaneously measured changes in hemoglobin near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and in surface EMG before, during, and after muscle ischaemia and ischaemia plus muscle isometric fatiguing contraction. Seventeen healthy male subjects (age range: 19-40 yrs) were examined in our Clinical Neurophysiology Unit. Test I (9 subjects): hemoglobin NIR spectroscopy and stimulated surface EMG were measured for 2 minutes at rest, for 4 minutes during complete ischaemia of tibialis anterior muscle, and for twelve minutes during recovery. Test II (all subjects): hemoglobin NIR spectroscopy and surface EMG were measured for 2 minutes with the subjects performing brief non-fatiguing contractions, for 4 minutes with the subject performing maximal isometric contraction in complete ischaemia, and for twelve minutes during recovery. EMG parameters measured: median density frequency (MDF); muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV). NIR spectroscopy parameters measured: percentage of amplitude decrement (%AD) and nadir time (NT) during ischaemia and ischaemic effort; half-recovery time (1/2 RT) from ischaemia effort.
Results. At EMG, we observed a significant shift towards lower values of both MFCV and MDF during fatiguing isometric contraction. MDF recovery was faster then MFCV recovery. At NIR spectroscopy, the 1/2 RT slowed a fast pattern in twelve subjects and a slow pattern in five. A significant relationship was found between AD% and 1/2 RT values of test I and AD% and 1/2 values of test II. We found a positive relationship between NT and 1/2 RT in test II.
Conclusions. Surface EMG and hemoglobin NIR spectroscopy can be applied simultaneously to evaluate both fatigue intensity and blood flow changes in striated muscle.