Home > Riviste > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Fascicoli precedenti > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 1999 March;39(1) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 1999 March;39(1):24-30

ULTIMO FASCICOLO
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Estratti

THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Rivista di Medicina, Traumatologia e Psicologia dello Sport


Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,215


eTOC

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLES  


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 1999 March;39(1):24-30

Copyright © 1999 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Gender differences in physical activity and physical fitness in young children in Crete

Manios Y., Kafatos A., Codrington C.

Department of Social Medicine, Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece


PDF  


Background. To ­assess phys­i­cal activ­ity and phys­io­log­i­cal fit­ness param­e­ters ­among six ­year old chil­dren and to deter­mine wheth­er ­there ­were any sig­nif­i­cant gen­der dif­fer­enc­es.
Methods. Design & Setting: comparative ­study of a rep­re­sen­ta­tive sam­ple of ­boys and ­girls in ­school and at ­home. Participants: 569 chil­dren (305 ­boys and 264 ­girls) select­ed ran­dom­ly ­from a ­total of 6153 reg­is­tered in the 1st ­grade in 1992 on the ­island of Crete. Measures: assessment of phys­i­cal activ­ity was ­based on obser­va­tion­al meth­ods involv­ing teach­ers and par­ents. Cardiorespiratory fit­ness was esti­mat­ed by per­for­mance on the 20 ­meter Shuttle Run Test (20mSRT). BMI, skin­fold thick­ness, Midarm Muscle Circumference (MMC) and hemo­glo­bin ­were ­also meas­ured.
Results. Both sex­es ­were ­found to ­spend a ­very ­small pro­por­tion of ­their lei­sure ­time in Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activities (­MVPA). More ­boys ­engaged in ­MVPA ­than ­girls at ­school and at ­home, but ­more ­girls ­were ­involved in phys­i­cal activ­ity-relat­ed les­sons and class­es out of ­school. Among the phys­io­log­i­cal fit­ness param­e­ters, sig­nif­i­cant gen­der dif­fer­enc­es ­were ­found ­only for MMC. No sig­nif­i­cant gen­der dif­fer­ence was ­found in per­for­mance on the 20mSRT.
Conclusions. The ­results indi­cate ­that in ­this cul­ture ster­eo­typ­ic sex pref­er­enc­es in phys­i­cal activ­ity ­begin at a ­very ­young age, and ­that ­this dif­fe­ren­ti­a­tion can­not be attrib­ut­ed to gen­der dif­fer­enc­es in car­di­o­res­pir­a­to­ry fit­ness. The ­social, envi­ron­men­tal and pos­sibly psy­cho­log­i­cal param­e­ters ­involved ­have impli­ca­tions for Health Educators and Physical Education Instructors in the appro­pri­ate tar­get­ing of phys­i­cal activ­ity pro­mo­tion pro­grams ­among ­young chil­dren.

inizio pagina

Publication History

Per citare questo articolo

Corresponding author e-mail