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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 1998 December;38(4):294-7

lingua: Inglese

Phys­i­cal train­ing of foot­ball ­players based on ­their posi­tion­al ­rules in the ­team. Effects on per­for­mance-relat­ed fac­tors

Di Salvo V., Pigozzi F.

State Insti­tute of Phys­i­cal Edu­ca­tion (­ISEF), ­Rome, Ita­ly


Back­ground. The aim of ­this ­study was to eval­u­ate the rel­a­tive effec­tive­ness of an indi­vid­u­al­ized train­ing pro­gramme for foot­ball ­players accord­ing to ­their posi­tions in the ­team, by com­par­ing it ­with a pro­gramme ­which did not dif­fer­en­tiate ­roles, but uti­lized the ­same ­means for train­ing.
Meth­ods. For­ty-­four ­young top lev­el foot­ball ­players divid­ed equal­ly ­into an experi­men­tal and a con­trol ­group ­were sub­mit­ted to two dif­fer­ent train­ing pro­grammes for an 8-­month peri­od. ­Each ­group con­sist­ed of 5 for­wards, 6 mid­field­ers, 4 full­backs, 4 cen­ter­backs and 3 goal­keep­ers. The two ­groups had ­almost the ­same aver­age age (17.8±0.6 and 17.7±0.6 yrs respec­tive­ly), ­weight (72.6±4.7 and 72.8±3.7 kg) and ­height (181.3±4.4 and 180.3±4.0 cm). The fol­low­ing meas­ure­ments ­were tak­en ­before and ­after the train­ing peri­od in ­order to eval­u­ate the aero­bic and anaer­o­bic (lac­tac­id and alac­tac­id) pow­er as ­well as explo­sive and elas­tic pow­er ­which are relat­ed to foot­ball per­for­mance: run­ning ­tests of 30, 50, 300 and 1,000 ­meters, ­squat ­jump (SJ), coun­ter move­ment ­jump (CMJ) and rep­e­ti­tion coun­ter move­ment ­jump (­test 15").
­Results. A per­cent improve­ment ­observed for for­wards and cen­ter­backs was sig­nif­i­cant, in com­par­i­son ­with the con­trol ­group, in all ­tests but the 30 and 1,000 ­meters run, on the con­trary full­backs and mid­field­ers dem­on­strat­ed a sig­nif­i­cant improve­ment ­only in the 1000 m run ­test (p<0.01). In addi­tion, a sig­nif­i­cant ­increase (14%, p<0.01) was ­observed in CMJ of goal­keep­ers in the experi­men­tal ­group, in com­par­i­son ­with the con­trol ­group.
Con­clu­sions. It is con­clud­ed ­that indi­vid­u­al­ized train­ing devel­oped in accor­dance ­with the ­real mod­el of foot­ball per­for­mance and the dif­fer­ent mech­a­nisms of bio­en­er­get­ic pro­cess­es, is a super­i­or meth­od of train­ing and can optim­ise the per­for­mance of all ­player in the ­team.

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