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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Panminerva Medica 2012 Nov 09

lingua: Inglese

Keratoconjunctivitis by confocal microscopy after topical cyclosporine

Nebbioso M. 1, Belcaro G. 2, Komaiha C. 2, Celani C. 2, Pescosolido N. 3

1 Department of Sense Organs, Centre Ocular Electrophysiology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy;
2 Irvine3 Labs Department of Biomedical Sciences, G. D’Annunzio University of Chieti- Pescara, Italy;
3 Department of Geriatric Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy


AIM: To describe the observations obtained by confocal microscopy concerning corneal stromal structure in the process of adenoviral epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, from the onset of the disease up to 20 weeks of follow-up, after topical cyclosporine.
METHODS: A 16-years-old boy has developed subepithelial infiltrates and an epidemic keratoconjunctivitis from adenovirus in both eyes. Clinical case was analyzed by confocal microscopy (40x mode, Nidek ConfoScan 4) before and after administration of topical cyclosporine.
RESULTS: Two weeks after the onset of the symptoms, corneal stroma showed the presence of cells with highly reflective area. These cells, comparable to keratocytes, had a typical fusiform shape and assumed a particular rosette disposition, never highlighted in the literature. Hyperreflective areas disappeared in both eyes after administration of topical cyclosporine 1% for 30 days. This outcome was also confirmed after five months.
CONCLUSION: The confocal microscopy performed on the surface of the stroma before and after treatment with cyclosporine suggests the presence of a localized immune activation in subepithelial layer.

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