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Rivista di Medicina Interna
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Panminerva Medica 2001 June;43(2):85-7
Helicobacter pylori seroprevalence in hepatitis C virus positive patients with cirrhosis. The Como cross-sectional study
Spinzi G., Pellicano R. *, Minoli G., Terreni N., Cutufia M. A. **, Fagoonee S. **, Rizzetto M. *, Ponzetto A. *
From the Gastroenterology Unit, Valduce Hospital, Como, Italy
*Department of Gastro-Hepatology Molinette Hospital, Turin, Italy
**Department of Biology University of Turin, Turin, Italy
Background. Liver cirrhosis is a significant cause of death in Italy and one of the most frequent causes of hospitalization. Acute peptic ulcer and upper gastrointestinal bleeding reportedly occur in over 15% of cirrhotic patients. Since Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection strongly correlates with peptic ulcer, we sought to ascertain the seroprevalence of H. pylori infection in cirrhotic patients.
Methods. In a cross-sectional study, we examined 52 consecutive patients (31 female and 21 male, age range 54-82, mean 68.7 years) suffering from hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis attending the Unit of Gastroenterology of the Valduce Hospital of Como (Italy).
Results. The prevalence of antibodies against H. pylori was 86.5% (45/52) in the cirrhotics. Of female patients 28/31 (90.3%) were seropositive as compared to 17 of 21 (80.9%) of male patients.
Conclusions. The very high prevalence of H. pylori infection may explain the frequent occurrence of gastroduodenal ulcer in cirrhotic patients.