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Panminerva Medica 2000 June;42(2):131-40

lingua: Inglese

Life habits and cardiovascular risk in a group of bank employees in Rome

Gueli N., Del Nero A., Zia N., Carmenini E., Carmenini

From the 1st Institute of Clinical Medicine Department of Experimental Pathology University of Rome «La Sapienza», Rome, Italy


Background. For the ­past thir­ty ­years, ­many coun­tries, espe­cial­ly the USA, ­have ­been per­form­ing clin­i­cal and labor­a­to­ry stud­ies to estab­lish the ­most prom­i­nent dis­ease ­risk fac­tors, in par­tic­u­lar ­those ­involved in car­di­o­vas­cu­lar dis­eas­es. The ­main aim of ­these stud­ies is to ­reduce dis­ease relat­ed ­risks by inter­ven­ing at an ear­ly age.
Methods. We stud­ied 305 ­patients, 198 ­males and 107 ­females, all employ­ees in Rome, ­mean age 40.8 ­years (±8.22), ­enrolled ­from September 1988 to December 1989. We meas­ured the ­main anthro­po­met­ric param­e­ters and per­formed otol­a­ryn­go­log­ic and ocu­lar exam­ina­tion, a tele­car­di­o­gram and an EKG; the fol­low­ing anal­y­ses were performed: he­moch­rome, ESR ­uric ­acid, azo­te­mia, gly­ce­mia, AST, ALT, gam­ma GT, bili­ru­bi­ne­mia, pro­te­ic elec­tro­pho­re­sis, tri­gly­cer­i­de­mia, ­total cho­les­ter­o­le­mia, HDL cho­les­ter­o­le­mia, crea­ti­nine, ­urine exam­ina­tion, Pap-Test for wom­en. Lifestyle hab­its ­that ­might be con­sid­ered car­di­o­vas­cu­lar dis­ease ­risk fac­tors ­were con­sid­ered and hygien­ic eat­ing hab­its ­were sug­gest­ed. Seven ­years lat­er, in 1997, 100 of ­these ­patients ­were ran­dom­ly select­ed (51 man and 49 wom­en) and under­went the ­same clin­i­cal and labor­a­to­ry ­tests as ­before.
Results. The ­results sug­gest a ­deep cor­re­la­tion ­between life­styles and the ­increase of ­some car­di­o­vas­cu­lar ­risk fac­tors.
Conclusions. The ­authors ­believe ­that this ­study can be of ­some ­help in guid­ing ­future pre­ven­tive med­i­cine inter­ven­tions ­that may be car­ried out on ­this pop­u­la­tion sam­ple.

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